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Sunday, 23 August 2020

MAVASAR ABHYASHKRAM (CURRICULUM) NI FALAVANI PRATHAMIK VIBHAG MATE UPAYOGI

MAVASAR ABHYASHKRAM NI FALAVANI PRATHAMIK VIBHAG MATE UPAYOGI


CURRICULUM METHODS

Curriculum development is a structured process that involves selecting learning experiences based on the student's interests, abilities, and needs, evaluating their outcomes, and so on.  Curriculum development is done keeping in view the need for analysis, objective design, appropriate teaching-learning methods, research and proper evaluation methods.  Curriculum Development consists of a Curriculum Evaluation Committee and a Curriculum Review Committee.




Curriculum is a tool and the educational philosophy and the goals set accordingly are simple.  Therefore, in order to achieve this, it is necessary to make continuous changes in the syllabus over time i.e. to develop or update it.  The curriculum is used to decide what and when to teach students.  It is not possible to say which particular teaching method should be used in practice.  So there is actually a difference in the curriculum.  The school curriculum is formal and is actually taught in the classroom.  Curriculum development is the design of what is taught in a school in a given year and at a given time.  Curriculum development is an official document as well as a guide for teachers.



MAVASAR ABHYASHKRAM NI FALAVANI PRATHAMIK VIBHAG MATE UPAYOGI

 Curriculum Development Steps:

 Resource Thought: There are three primary sources to consider in a curriculum.  (A) Society: Society will not be sidelined while developing the curriculum.  Every society may have a different view of what is important about the curriculum, what is true, and so on.  The curriculum should be designed keeping in mind the needs of the society.  That is, the reflection of society should be reflected in that curriculum.  (B) Nature of the learners: The needs of the learners studying should be met through the respective curriculum.  For this, study is expected in terms of their physical, mental and intellectual development.  (A) Subject knowledge: Subject knowledge is the most important for curriculum development.  As knowledge is generated, it is received by various organs.  The curriculum includes various co-curricular programs, plans, projects, homework, homework, activities, etc. to impart various aspects of the subject to the learners.  Information on these schemes and up-to-date subject knowledge is expected to be disseminated to the learners through various sources, techniques.

MAVASAR ABHYASHKRAM (CURRICULUM)   NI FALAVANI PRATHAMIK VIBHAG MATE UPAYOGI

 Choice of approaches: 

The philosophy of education, psychological theories and assessments are accepted while developing the curriculum.  Therefore, they influence the decision about the course.  It is necessary to choose a syllabus that is consistent with the philosophical and psychological approaches to the content of the syllabus, its objectives, techniques, etc.


MAVASAR ABHYASHKRAM (CURRICULUM)   NI FALAVANI PRATHAMIK VIBHAG MATE UPAYOGI


 Reaction to external influences:

 In developing the curriculum, external factors have an effect along with various authorities, learners, etc.  For example, nothing that would interfere with national unity, equality, values, etc. can be included in the curriculum.  Ethnicity, mental stress, nutrients or fertilizers are not included in the curriculum.  The curriculum has to be prepared keeping in view the needs of rural, urban, tribal, remote and hilly areas as well as keeping in view the reality and vision.

 Confirmation of General Enlightenment: It is important to determine the scope and nature of the content while preparing the syllabus.  The relative nature of a particular subject varies according to the type of discipline.  Depending on the physical, mental and emotional maturity and skills, the scope has to be changed by considering different study experiences, scope, examples, techniques and methods.

 Durriculum Design:
Designed for teaching levels are complementary.  These include subject courses, core courses, action courses, etc.

 Final draft of the syllabus: A written copy of the final draft of the syllabus is a vehicle for dissemination of the syllabus.  The final draft is prepared with the feedback and feedback of various experts, community members, teachers and students.

 Curriculum Implementation: 

Wcreating the curriculum, some subjects are newly included, some subjects are added to the content, while some elements are reduced and restructured.  These factors include the human factor, the head of the institution, the teacher and the educational environment in the actual process.  These obstacles must be overcome.

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 Curriculum Evaluation: 

The curriculum is designed with specific goals, objectives and expected behavior in mind.  Checking whether those objectives are met means evaluating the curriculum.

 Curriculum development is a broad concept that includes study, extra-curricular programs and activities, social, political, economic, environmental, health, etc.

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